Cocaine

Brief Description

Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America. It produces short-term euphoria, energy, and talkativeness in addition to potentially dangerous physical effects like raising heart rate and blood pressure.

Street Names

Coke, snow, flake, blow

Effects

Cocaine usually makes the user feel euphoric and energetic, but also increases body temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate. Users risk heart attacks, respiratory failure, strokes, seizures, abdominal pain, and nausea. In rare cases, sudden death can occur on the first use of cocaine or unexpectedly afterwards.

 

Cocaine (DrugFacts)

Revised Apr 2013.
Provides basic facts about cocaine, including how it affects the brain, other health consequences of its use, treatment options, and statistics on cocaine abuse among youth.  En Español

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Cocaine: Abuse and Addiction (Research Reports)

Published May 1999. Revised Sep 2010.
Describes the latest research findings on cocaine, exploring the scope of abuse in the U.S., its potential long- and short-term health effects, maternal cocaine use, and treatment approaches.  En Español

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Cocaine (Mind Over Matter)

Published Jan 1997. Revised Jan 2009.
Explores with young teens how cocaine changes the way nerve cells communicate in the brain and the negative effects the drug can have on the body.  En Español

 

Information from: http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/cocaine

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